MS23-04 - The 1D Modulated Structure of the Mixed-Valent Chain Sulfido Ferrate K7.09[FeS2]4


Caroline Röhr (Universität Freiburg, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie)

The series of alkaline (A) sulfido ferrates A1+x[FeIII1-xFeIIxS2] starts (x=0) with the longest-known pure ferrates(III) A[FeS2], which contain linear chains of edge-sharing [FeS4] tetrahedra [1]. The recently prepared pure ferrate(II), Na2[FeS2] (x=0, [2]), which likewise contains linear tetrahedra chains, completes the series.
In-between (0.33<x<0.75), several mixed-valent ferrates with always buckled chains of edge-sharing tetrahedra are reported: This  encompasses the long-known salts A3[FeQ2]2 with an equiatomic FeII/FeIII ratio (x=0.5, [1]) and the complex monoclinic structures of Rb4[FeS2]3 (x=0.33) and K7[FeS2]4 (x=0.75) [3]. Herein we present the 1D modulated structure of K7.09[FeII,IIIS2]4 (space group C222(00γ)00s, a=1363.87(5), b=2487.23(13), c=583.47(3) pm, q=0,0,0.444, R1=0.0767, x=0.773), in which the position modulation of the [FeS2] chain (i.e. its undulation) and the surrounding K+ cations is associated with an occupation modulation of two of the five cation sites. In the case of the new rubidium ferrate Rb7[FeS2]5 (x=0.4) and its isotypic mixed Rb/Cs-analog, the shape of the tetrahedra chain is again commensurable resulting in a monoclinic structure with a large a lattice parameter. In all mixed-valent chain compounds, the buckling of the chains is evidently controlled by the local coordination of the changing number of alkali cations with different sizes, but not by an Fe charge ordering.

[1] P. Stüble, C. Röhr, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 643, 1462 (2017) and references therein.
[2] P. Stüble, S. Peschke, D. Johrendt, C. Röhr, J. Solid State Chem., 258, 416 (2018).
[3] M. Schwarz, M. Haas, C. Röhr, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 639, 360 (2013).