MS03-01 - High-Throughput Stability Screening of Integral Membrane Proteins

    

Maria Garcia (European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Germany)

Protein stability in detergent or membrane-like environments is the bottleneck for structural studies on integral membrane proteins (IMP). Irrespective of the method to study the structure of an IMP, detergent solubilization from the membrane is usually the first step in the workflow. Here, we describe a simple, high-throughput screening method to identify optimal detergent conditions for membrane protein structural biology. We apply differential scanning fluorimetry in combination with scattering upon thermal denaturation to study the unfolding of integral membrane proteins. Nine different prokaryotic and eukaryotic membrane proteins were used as test cases to benchmark our detergent screening method. Our results show that it is possible to measure the stability and solubility of IMPs by simple diluting them from their initial solubilization conditions into different detergents. We were able to identify groups of detergents with characteristic stabilization and destabilization effects for transporters. We further show that fos-choline detergents may lead to membrane protein unfolding/destabilization. Finally, we determined which thermodynamic parameters are most reliable as indicators for IMP stability.